Grevinde af Cosel Anna Constantia Brockdorff[1, 2]

Kvinde 1680 - 1765  (84 år)

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  • Navn Anna Constantia Brockdorff 
    Titel Grevinde af Cosel 
    Alternate Birth 17 okt. 1680  Sachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    • Stolpe, Holsten, Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
    Født 18 okt. 1680  Schleswig-Holstein-, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    • Depenau
    Køn Kvinde 
    Død 31 mar. 1765  Sachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    • Stolpe, Holsten, Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
    Person-ID I12123  My Family Genealogy | Familen Ravnholdt & Hansen
    Sidst ændret 1 aug. 2018 

    Familie Friedrich August, af Polen,   f. 12 maj 1670, Sachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 1 feb. 1733, Polen Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 62 år) 
     1. Augusta Constantia von Cosel,   f. 24 feb. 1708,   d. 3 feb. 1728  (Alder 19 år)
     2. Friederike Alexandrine von Cosel,   f. 27 okt. 1709,   d. 16 dec. 1784  (Alder 75 år)
     3. Friedrich August von Cosel,   f. 27 aug. 1712,   d. 15 okt. 1770  (Alder 58 år)
    Sidst ændret 1 aug. 2018 
    Familie-ID F3461  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

  • Heraldik

  • Notater 
    • Anna Constantia was the daughter of the Knight (Ritter) Joachim of Brockdorff and his wife Anna Margarethe, daughter of the rich Hamburg citizen Leonhard Marselis, owner of Gut Depenau. The Brockdo

      rffs belonged to the Equites Originarii (knight noble families) and gave their daughter an unusual education for that time: she learned several languages, received instruction in mathematics and class

      ical education, and passionately loved to hunt. However, her impetuous behavior worried her parents.

      In 1694, her parents sent Anna Constantia to the Schloss Gottorf in Schleswig, the official r

      esidence of the Duke Christian Albrecht. The fourteen-year-old girl served the Duke's daughter, Sophie Amalie, as a lady-in-waiting. Anna Constantia accompanied Sophie Amalie to Wolfenbüttel, where S

      ophie Amalie became the second wife of the Hereditary Prince August Wilhelm of Brunswick-Lüneburg, son and heir of the Duke Anton Ulrich. While in Wolfenbüttel, Anna Constantina became pregnant, pos

      sibly by Ludwig Rudolf, younger brother of the Hereditary Prince. Anna Constantia was expelled from the court and sent back to her parents in Gut Depenau. The fate of the child is unknown.

      By 16

      99, Anna Constantia, in the Schloss Burgscheidungen, was living openly with the director of the Saxonian Generalakzis Kollegiums, Adolph Magnus, Baron of Hoym, whom she met in Wolfenbüttel. After fou

      r years of concubinage, they were married on 2 July 1703 but were divorced by 1706. When she arrived in Dresden, Anna Constantia claimed that she was still married the Baron in order to be able to app

      ear at court.

      In 1704, the King of Poland and Elector of Saxony Augustus the Strong met the vivacous Baroness von Hoym and fell in love with her. The Baron of Hoym tried unsuccessfully to preven

      t the relationship, because he considered his former wife unsuitable for the role of official mistress. By that time, the legitimate wife of Augustus, Christiane Eberhardine von Brandenburg Bayreuth,

      was long exiled in the Schloss Pretzsch (Elbe). Anna Constantia became close to Augustus, but he still had another mistress, the Princess Teschen.

      Finally, in 1705, the Princess Teschen was bani

      shed from the court, and Anna Constantia took her place as official mistress. In 1706, she was created the Imperial Countess (Reichsgräfin) of Cosel. Two years later, on 24 February 1708, she gave bi

      rth to Augustu's daughter, named Augusta Anna Constantia after her parents. One year later, on 27 October 1709, the Countess von Cosel bore a second daughter, Fredericka Alexandrine, and three years l

      ater, on 27 August 1712, she had a son, Frederick Augustus, who was named after his father and eventually inherited Gut Depenau from his maternal grandparents.

      In the opinion of the court, Anna

      Constantia interfered too much into politics, and in particular, her attempts to meddle in Augustus' Polish politics encountered strong resistance. The Protestant Electorate of Saxony was determined t

      o turn the King's attention away from Catholic Poland, which he had lost after the defeat at the hands of Sweden's Charles XII in the Great Northern War. Anna Constantia came to be considered increasi

      ngly dangerous to the Polish political interests, especially when it became rumored that Augustus had given his mistress a secret written promise to marry her. The Polish aristocracy tried to supplant

      the countess von Cosel with a Catholic mistress and thus eliminate her from the political scene. Augustus finally gave in to the charms of Maria Magdalena Bielinski, Countess von Dönhoff.

      In 1

      713, Anna Constantia was banished to the Schloss Pillnitz, but in 1715, she managed to flee to Berlin, Prussia. For this, she was condemned in Saxony as Landesverrat (state criminal). In Berlin, she h

      oped to get her hands on Augustus' secret written marriage promise, which was in the hands of her cousin Detlev Christian Rantzau, held in the fortress of Spandau. However, the countess failed to retr

      ieve this important document and was arrested on 22 November 1716 in Halle an der Saale and exchanged for Prussian deserters in Saxony. Augustus exiled his former mistress on 26 December 1716 to the B

      urg Stolpen, where she was kept for the next forty-nine years until her death.

      After the death of August the Strong (1 February 1733) and during the reign of his son and successor, August III, t

      he countess' exile was apparently not lifted, although there is no certainty about that or about the details surrounding her continued residence at Burg Stolpen. It is curious that the countess did no

      t use the opportunity to flee, twice presented to her in (1745 and 1756), in both cases the Saxon guards having fled before advancing Prussian troops.

      On incidents and circumstances of her life,

      the Polish writer Józef Ignacy Kraszewski based his historical novel Countess of Cosel ("Hrabina Cosel" 1873) which later was adapted into Polish feature movie under the same title.

  • Kilder 
    1. [S16] Web Site, Finn Josef Skeel Holbek, Anna Constantia Brockdorff (Pålidelighed: 3), 28 okt. 2010.
      Tilføjet ved at bekræfte en Smart Match

    2. [S170] CAIL & LEE Family Web Site, DAVID CAIL, HRH Princess Anna Constantia of Brockdorff, 'Countess of Cosel' (Pålidelighed: 3), 28 okt. 2010.
      Tilføjet ved at bekræfte en Smart Match

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